Genetic counsellors work in a multidisciplinary team with clinical geneticists, nurses, social workers, dietitians, communicating complex genetic information to individuals and families to facilitate decision making. Genetic counsellors are employed in clinical genetics units and work in many areas including: cancer genetics, predictive testing, paediatric genetics, prenatal genetics, adult genetics. Genetic counsellors increasingly are involved in qualitative and quantitative clinical genetic research.
The Master of Genetic Counselling constitutes the professional qualification for entry into employment as an associate genetic counsellor, and for Board Eligible certification, awarded through the Board of Censors in Genetic Counselling (Human Genetics Society of Australasia).
The 2 year Master of Genetic Counselling is designed to build and increase skills and breadth in clinical practice and research, utilising the expertise of tutors who are clinicians, genetic counsellors, scientists, people with a disability and community members. The Masters is taught within the Victorian Clinical Genetics Services at the Royal Childrens Hospital Parkville Victoria. Students are encouraged to attend educational activities within Genetic Health including seminars, clinic meetings and journal club.
The Graduate Diploma is an exit point after 1 year of study in the Masters.
Internationally, genetic counselling is taught within a 2 year clinical Masters. The Masters program aims to increase research and employment opportunities for graduates through developing reciprocity with other countries. With well established links to overseas training programs there are international opportunities for students, through an active exchange program for clinical placements and research collaborations. Past graduates are employed throughout the world -including in Singapore, Malaysia, New Zealand. It is expected that graduates of the Melbourne Masters will be eligible to register to practise as genetic counsellors in the UK and Canada, further increasing employment opportunities.
The Master of Genetic Counselling will fulfil the requirements for certification and employment as a genetic counsellor in Australia and reciprocity with training overseas. The program teaches counselling skills, research skills and clinical genetics knowledge in small interactive student groups. Problem Based Learning is one mode of teaching in the genetics tutorials. This mode of teaching facilitates independent learning which equips the student to continue to develop professionally throughout their career. Students will complete a minor thesis with supervision, and have extensive counselling skills practice in varied clinical genetics and community settings. Assessment tasks mirror the skills needed in genetic counselling practice and for professional certification by the HGSA(Part 2)
Teaching staff are primarily practicing genetic counsellors, scientists and clinicians within the clinical genetics service.
Research and Evaluation Skills:
- Understand the ethics committee process and develop an ethics proposal;
- Undertake a critical literature review relevant to a particular topic of research;
- Develop original research arising from clinical practice;
- Present findings from an original research project at a professional forum;
- Understand the principles of qualitative research, including research design and process in an ethical framework OR
- Understand biostatistical concepts and methods and their application in the assessment and management of health conditions OR
- Develop an understanding of the nature and purposes of health program evaluation.
Critical Reflection and Cognition Skills:
- Develop counselling skills through application of models of practice, in supervised clinical placements;
- Critically evaluate different models of practice through theory, observation and participation in genetic counselling interviews;
- Respect differences in cultural, religious and socioeconomic beliefs in clients, through developing a critical understanding of difference through the literature and personal contact with clients;
- Develop self-awareness through reflection and active participation in the process of supervision.
- Analyse the genetic counselling process and the impact on families from a cultural, ethical and psychosocial perspective;
- Understand and critically analyse the process of transference and countertransference in an interview;
- Critically analyse the process of communication.
- Understand the ethical principles that guide and inform genetic counselling practice;
- Consider personal, cultural and moral values which may impact on the individual practice of genetic counselling;
- Recognise the ethical challenges that may confront clients;
- Understand and identify the potential for ethical challenges in emerging genetic technologies;
- Identify possible challenges to facilitating informed consent and maintaining patient confidentiality.
- Understand the principles of inheritance;
- Understand chromosomal disorders and the genetic basis of disease;
- Understand clinical genetic risk assessments for patients and families;
- Elicit and document a family history and family pedigree, convey genetic information and discuss risk;
- Understand the normal stages of human embryo development and have an awareness of how this can be disrupted;
- Understand the role of genetics as the underlying cause of various disorders of the human body;
- Understand the role of genetics in cancer;
- Have an appreciation for the range of molecular, cytogenetic and biochemical laboratory tests utilised in clinical genetic practice;
- Understand the genetic testing approach taken for specific genetic disorders;
- Understand the treatment approach taken for specific genetic disorders;
- Understand the issues relating to population based screening;
- Understand the role of prenatal screening and testing in pregnancy management and care, and the options available when fetal abnormality is detected;
- Understand the organisational and economic aspects of health care in Australia;
- Understand the role of the genetic counsellor in the context of the multidisciplinary approach to clinical genetic health care;
- Understand the principles of the legal and professional duties and the responsibilities of genetic counsellors as health professionals and members of a health care team.