The field of neuropsychology, as its name suggests, is firmly grounded in brain structure. For practitioners of clinical neuropsychology, or other neuroclinical disciplines, a coherent framework for understanding the impact of developmental anomalies, injuries, and disease on the brain is essential. For researchers, an overview of gross neuroanatomy helps to locate investigative endeavours in a macro-level context.
Online Neuroanatomy for Neuropsychologists approaches brain structure from a number of perspectives. The first is developmental, on the premise that it is very difficult to understand structural relations without understanding how they emerge over the course of the development from conception to maturity. The second is related to the kinds of disorders that clinical neuropsychologists encounter in practice. This perspective not only informs an understanding of the affected person, but also enhances the student's ability to conceptualize structural organization. Third, neuroanatomy in clinical settings is predominantly represented in magnetic resonance images. Understanding magnetic resonance neuroanatomy is an important adjunct to the neuroclinical skillset, and an accessible way of visualising and appreciating brain structure. Finally, derivation of anatomical terms makes remembering them much easier, and will be pointed out as new terms are introduced.
Designed with clinical neuropsychologists in mind, but the course would also be as applicable to other neuroclinicians, speech pathologists, occupational therapists, physiotherapists, nurses, and young neuroscientists undertaking higher degree research.
- Students will be able to map mature brain structures onto the developmental ground-plan of brain, showing an understanding of the how the mature brain emerges from transformations of a fundamental tubular structure.
- Students will be able to describe the meningeal coverings of the brain, as well as their deep extensions, and will be able to classify superficial haemorrhagic collections in relation their meningeal location. Students will also be able to explain the circulation of cerebrospinal fluid.
- Students will be able to map the developmental ground plan onto the base of brain and recognise base of brain anatomical relations on cerebral imaging and post-mortem photographs. Students will also be able to identify selected regions of clinical significance and describe pathologies that that arise in them.
- Following on from the previous tutorials, students will be able to project the developmental ground plan of the brain onto the mature medial surface. They will also be able to explain the origin and organization of commissural structures uniting lateral and midline structures of the forebrain and will begin to identify anatomical planes of section on magnetic resonance images.
- Students will be able describe the synergistic development of the cerebral hemisphere, commissural tracts, and ventricular system. They will also be able to identify selected cortical landmarks of clinical significance in various planes on magnetic resonance images and describe arterial territories.
- Students will be able to identify components of the limbic system and describe their connectivity. They will also be able to demonstrate the internal structure of the hippocampus and associated transitional structures on photographic and magnetic resonance images and explain the anatomical basis of limbic system syndromes.
- Students will be able to identify the components and organizational structure of the pyramidal and extrapyramidal motor systems from cortical origins to spinal outflow. Based on this understanding they will be able to explain the functional co-operation of the two motor systems, and the anatomical basis of motor impairments.